## ## Mental Disorders Conditions
Last updated: 27 Jan 2020Mental disorders are characterized by problems that people experience with their mind (thoughts) and their mood (feelings). They are not well understood in terms of their causes, but the symptoms of mental illness are scientifically valid and well known. Treatment usually involving both psychotherapy and medication for most types of mental illness and mental health concerns is readily available and, eventually, effective for most people.The diagnostic criteria for mental disorders (also known as illness are composed of symptom checklists that primarily are focused on a person behaviors and thoughts. These lists of symptoms have been summarized from current diagnostic criteria commonly used in the United States by mental health professionals (the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition). We divided the disorders into three broad categories below: adult, childhood, and personality disorders; some disorders may fall under more than one category.These disorder lists are in the process of being updated to reflect the changes from the latest edition of the diagnosis manual, the DSM 5.Please keep in mind that only an experienced mental health professional can make an actual diagnosis.Learn more: About the DSM 5 or Looking for a DSM Code?Childhood Mental DisordersChildhood disorders, often labeled as developmental disorders or learning disorders, most often occur and are diagnosed when the child is of school age. This listing is not meant to replace professional advice, diagnosis, or care from a licensed mental health practioner; its sole intent is for patient education. If you believe you may be suffering from one of these disorders, please consult a mental health professional. The diagnostic criteria for mental disorders are summarized from the American Psychiatric Association 2013Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM 5).John M. John Grohol is the founder and Editor in Chief of Psych Central. Dr. Grohol has a Master’s degree and doctorate in clinical psychology from Nova Southeastern University. Dr. Grohol sits on the editorial board of the journal Computers in Human Behavior and is a founding board member of the Society for Participatory Medicine. You can learn more about Dr. John Grohol here.